Burnout and Factors Associated Among Healthcare Staff of the Ouahigouya University Hospital Centre (Chur-Ohg) Burkina Faso


Antoine Vikkey Hinson*, Brigitte Bourgma, Menonli Adjobimey, Georgia Damien, Desire Nanema, Badirou Aguemon, Rose Mikponhoue and Paul Ayelo

Introduction: Burnout represents a topical psychosocial risk because of its prevalence and the grey area around it. Hospital workers constitute an exposed population. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of burnout and factors associated among healthcare workers of CHUR-OHG.

Method: It was a descriptive cross sectional study for analytical purposes, with prospective data collection, which took place from July 1 to September 30, 2020. The sampling was voluntary non-probability. Data analysis was done by Stata 15. A univariate logistic regression, then a multivariate regression allowed the identification of the associated factors, at the significance level p<0.05.

Results: The study sample size was149 workers. According to the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), 48.32% of workers exhibited burnout. The severity of the syndrome was mild to moderate in almost all subjects. The main dimension affected was Emotional Exhaustion (EE=36.21%), followed by loss of Professional Achievement (PA=32.21%). Depersonalization seemed less frequent (PD=22.82%). Female gender, taking sleeping pills, medical profession, high effort score, high reward score (low reward), and lack of time for the family were predictors of burnout among our respondents.

Conclusion: Burnout is a reality in CHUR-OHG. Further studies should be carried out to better understand the phenomenon and its determinants on all workers and to prevent this risk.