Asthma Prevalence Among Migrant Workers Attending Shuaiba Industrial Medical Center in Kuwait


Hussah Waleed Alhadlaq1*, Alanoud Ateeq2, Abdulaziz M. F. Shayea3,4, Janvier Gasana1

Specific work environments, such as exposure to chemicals emitted during industrial
processes, are related to occupational asthma. From 1985 to 2012, Kuwait was expected
to have the highest asthma prevalence rate among Middle East nations at 15%. This crosssectional
study was conducted using secondary data from occupational health physicians’
records in Shuaiba Industrial Medical Center (SIMC) extracted and analyzed using SPSS.
Chi-square test and logistic regression were used to check the association between risk
factors and bronchial asthma (BA). The data sample size was 3478 in 2018 and 3807 in
2019. In 2018, BA had a significant relationship with age categories, work year groups,
and determinants of fitness. Migrant workers above 51 years of age had a high risk of
developing BA (p-value=0.012). There was a high risk of developing BA in workers who
worked >21 years (p-value <0.001) and in workers who worked between 11 and 20 years
(p-value=0.042). Overweight workers had a risk of developing BA (p-value=0.042). In
2019, BA had an associated relationship with age categories and determinants of fitness.
Workers above 51 years of age had about a 39% risk of developing BA (p-value=0.009).
Otherwise, the BMI, working years groups, marital status, and smoking status had no
association with BA. In conclusion, BA is prevalent among migrant workers at SIMC. Long
hours, low income, and a lack of PPE are just a few of the issues that migrant workers
have been exposed to, raising their risk of poor health.